Wednesday, June 07, 2006

Later Burmese Chronicle: Chiangmai (c. 1579-1581) (UKIII:28-36)

Burmese Chronicle: Book III: Chapters 28-36

28. Putting his son Nawrata on the Chiang Mai (Zinme) throne

The queen of Chiang Mai (Zinme) state was Thu Wana Bon Meik, the queen's name Maha Dewi Mipaya, She died (flied to heaven). The queen's title and the king's palace (the queen owns everything), all of it, and the best two elephants were taken by Banyathelon and Banyandalan to present as a gift to the Burmese king (to put on his foot).

When Thu Wana Bon Meik as Chiang Mai (Zinme) state arrived to the king, he called a conference with his son the crown prince and his ministers and spoke like this, The Hariponsa country, Buddhism is popular there, and the country is very wide and has too many cities and villages and has many good ministers, elephants, horses, and soldiers and has great strength and power in that place. Chiangmai has a good king, so Zinme to which son must I give it. This is the topic of the conference. (This is what I've brought you here to talk about.) The son Thado Maha Upayaza speaks to the king, Younger brother king of Pye Thado Dammayaza, if Zinme is given to him then Theikitaya has a strong king, so we should not give him Zinme. As for the state of Thanyawadi (Rakhine), Zinme is close to it, West of the Irrawaddy in the Rakhine area, Saku Salin, Bawn Law, Legaung, Mindo, Minda, all of the villages and the people are living in Theikitaya state controlled be the younger Thada Dammayaza all near Pye (?? A lot comes from there, if we don't have it we can't live.) So Thirikitayama is equal to Thadodammayaza (he can control) (Zinme is asier to control, less important) Younger brother king of Toungoo controls Ketumadi state is also very strong (close to Nyaungshwei and the Shan states) Tawndwingyi, Yamethin, Wadi Yindaw, Yaindet Nyaungyan, all of these people live in this state. If I do not have these people and cities, cannot do anything. This city stands by faithful. So "Seya Wa Muna" stays as Getumadi state is good for younger brother Toungoo king Minkaung. Son in law Ava Thadominsaw controls the Ydanabura state and have a strong king state. It's close to Onpaung, Momeik, Mohnyin, and the Shan states. So all the Shan state people are Mede, Yene, Hsipataya, Thakayin stand on Yadanapura state. (???) That's why Dammadipa is good forson in law Thadominsaw (Yadanabura). Hariponza stay as (???) Zinme state was close to Yudhya, Linzin, Kyaingtung, and the SHan states. So we should nto give any relative to control this Zinme state. Son Anawratasaw is not good with Tharawadi city. If we give it (Zinme) to him, from his sons to his grandsons, they bow down and pay reverence to the king. If we give it to him, Linzin, Shan states, and Kyaingtung, people do not dare fight back to the king.

The king also tell like this to the people, "If I make Anawratasaw to a good man, he will not be a good man, so all your princes unite, all your younger brothers united can be good men, (date) he called a conference, he called his son the crown prince, ministers, captains of elephants together, and in front of them appointed Anawratasaw to be to be the ruler of Zinme. On that day, he called Anawratasaw and told him in the Byedaik (Shwepadado) in the king's palace. The king said, "With my power I got Chiangmai, Hariponza state. So Burma, Myanmar state, Talaing state, Shan state, Madanpale state, Yominbatwe state, the king of Pye, the king of Toungoo, and the ruler of Ava are all very small (not important). Zinme state is very large with many cities, many good ministers, elephants, horses and many soldiers. In the future they will not make trouble for you. You must take care of the city. You must think about your brother (remember). You don't have to listen to bad people, rebels. Suppose you have something, Ayudhya, Khong (Cambodia ?), Langsang, they have many different types of people. The Buddhist religion will suffer if there are rebellions. The people and monks will be very tired too. Business (economy) will also decrease (if the country is bad). If you listen to my order, you will have good things throughout your life. All my love (???) men, women, servants, for the future take care of them, don't ignore them. So in that conference in front of Banya Can To, Banya Bayin, Ei Montaya, Lejabanci, also you must remember my order. WHen you arrive in Zinme, Zinme has Banyaza Ban, Banya Lao, Banya Nan, you must call them all uncle (show respect to a senior). Banyadalan, Banya Cain The, Banya Lagun, Banya Khwin, Banya Thuyan, you must call brothers (these are Tai ministers). You should not want their elephants, their horses, and their people. Don't rob from the people. In the city don't let the people rob. You can defeat the rebellion. After that you can collect a duty at the gate and at the port. WHen you take a duty you must be equal (???) to them. (just, equananimous). If you are equal, the country will be peaceful.

(date) went the Kaung Mudo Mahazedi pagoda and called the head of the monks Shin da' da' dammabala and master Uruwenna and master Banan, Bali, Balaw, Bame, Sothigayan, Mahadammayazan, Danda Amat....talked in fron of all the masters in the (west? We'shwe seya). You must act the me the king, Nawratasaw. You can teach to the princess. Like your younger brother you must make peace all the time. With my strength and power the country must unite and can be controlled for a long time. You must learn a lot for many years, Buddhist religion, economy, and the people (population) will increase. If you do not listen to my speech, the country will be lost and your lesson will be lostand the Buddhist religion, economy, and people will decrease (wane). For that bad thing you will go to the bad place (hell). That's why other kings, relatives, bad servants, and bad people can destroy. I am giving a ring to you (two) and remember my speech with this ring. When I order to my son the monks must record it, because Nawratasaw, Banyathatan, are the same religion. Don't you make an argument in fron of the people. If you argue, the Banya's will be sorry, so remember this speech. After the monks agreed. On that day Nawratasaw marched to Zinme with many soldiers. Banyabayan with soldiers also go with Nawratasaw. When they arrived at Thulawng hill. The Zinme queen gave birth to a child. Because this happened at Thulawng hill the child was called Mintha Thulawng (Thai queen) The next (second) day (date) Nawratasaw attended ceremony to become Zinme king.

29. Suppressing the king of Langsang

Yadanatta.... within that year, when Buddhist monks were cultivating their garden, by growing flowers, since it was against the religious laws todestroy their garden and the flowers in it. As to those monks who could not be stopped, they were ordered to enter the laity again.

In Langsang where the crown prince was ruling, he did not receive the instruction of the king. The crown prince did not provide and did not give help to his ministers and gnerals. Since he helped (give/provided help to) only his relatives and awarding them that Langsang ministers, generals, rich people, and wealthy people all felt very sad. Because of that they all tried to plan with device to revolt against the crown prince (Upayit) by discussing together, (i.e. rich people, ministers, and generals) in the forest. They manage to do that by spreading the news that the formal Langsang king Byasehsit who passed away who passed away when Burmese troops were marching as if he was not yet dead and was again coming to them.

As to the crown prince, he was with his troopsas before when the king came to know about it due to addressing of certain body, starting from the crown prince, by summoning all his generals, ministers, and others, he said, " Now I heard that affair was broken in Langsang. What do you think about that?" asked the king.

At that time Banyalaw addressed that, "The crown prince (Upayit) did not follow the instructions of the king. Because he he used to cause ministers and generalsfeel sad all the time that such affairs broke out. If you let your younger brothers and son from from your royal feet< I don't think they will be daring enough to resist against them because they will just go and hide in the deep forest that time will be prolonged for nothing," said Banyalaw.

As to the white elephant owner his majesty the king, by summoning his son the crown prince, he said, "Only when you march over to Langsang, will these affairs be easy to finish up," ordered the king. Then the crown prince (Maha Upayaza) said, "Just leave aside Langsang where you ordered me to march. Even if you order me to march to the Chinese U Tii Bwa, I am not afraid." addressed the Mahaupayaza.

30. The crown prince marches towards Langsang.

As to the white elephant's owner his majesty the king he said, "I am already too old..only you people" after saying in that way, he appointeed to march over to Langsang ....

(names of troops for 9 lives)... (pg. 56 last paragraph to ... pg. 57th the 4th line)

These 24 armies were composed of one thousand two hundred fighting elephants, twelve thousand horses, and two hundred twenty thousand soldiers, and they had to march in the year (941) the 12th waxing moon of Tidinkyuut they had to march to Langsang.

When they arrived to Maing San, Langsang king Upayit also together with his troops, he came to welcome the Upayaza. Because of his address in details and when the Upayaza came to knwo about everything, together with the Upayit he marched to Mokaung, where the ministers and generals who were in revolt were residing. As to the revolting ministers of the Langsang, since they dared not resist, some of them fled away. As to some of them, they came to surrender to the Upayaza's troops.As to those who came to surrender, they were given the oath of allegiance, they were given back the formal positions and wealth. As to those who ran away by dividing into groups, they had to pursue after them.

In Hanthawaddy also, within that year, i.e. on the 4th waning moon of Ta Paung on a Thursaday, as to his younger brother Tadoedamatyaza, king of Prome, his younger brother Minkaung, king of Toungoo and son in law Thadawminsaw king of Ava, the three of them were given crowms, white umbrellas, eight gold palanquins, a gold boat, etc. teh regalia and full insignia of office of a king were given to them.

As to the marching of the Maha Upayaza though he ordered his soldiers by dividing up to look for those fleeing away, into a forest deep were so deep that they could not find them all. In that way as to those who were already in Langsang and those who came to surrender such as generals, ministers, rich and wealthy people and those head men of villages and governors, the oath of allegiance was administered to them. And those whom he could seize while looking for them such as over 50 ministers over thirty captives and Bya Kyaw, the daughter of Byasehsit, by taking all of them, he made his way back from Langsang.

In the year (942) the 8th waxing moon of Tanku, i.e. on a Sunday, he arrived back to Hanthawaddy. When he arrived there, he handed over those captives whom he had caught, since his father was so pleased that he gave his son, his own betel box, teapot and water jar cover. As to those commanders and generals, he awarded them ith positions, villages accordingly.

31. Making meritorious deeds.

In the year 942 (1580) the 5th of waning Kasone on a Sunday to the pagoda that he had built called Maha Muni pagoda he inserted precious stones As to the things inserted there, there were golden statues, statues made of an alloy of gold and bronze, statues made of 5 metals (viz. gold, silver, bronze, iron, lead), statues made of rubies, ... statues made of emerald and sapphire, and of Uthapaya (a precious stone) .....statues made of coral, statues made of a certain material from the south (thaka??), statues made of red wood scent, statues made of white wood scent, Karamat (a species of scented wood) statues, statues made of ivory, all these4 statues making 34,428 statues, all of these inserted into the pagoda, Yahaden's (??) statues (statues of holy people) --- all these made of an alloy of gold an bronze, statues made of metals including gold, silver, bronze iron and lead...all these statues amounted to 4,722 statues were all inserted inside the pagoda. Together with relics, golden pagoda,, Moe Kyo pagoda,silver pagoda, Pyissiloka pagoda (??), ember pagoda, altogether 1368, all these were inserted. The arrangement or procedure set when sending - relics, statues, and pagodas from the palace right up to the pagoda, to the two lanes (???) by fencing up with Yazamat (a fence constructed with rhombic insterstices and erected by the side of a road passed by great personages) thus planted with bannana plants, sugar cane trees, and decorating it with water pots filled with water and by loading (leading??) on a white elephant and being encircled by younger brother of the king, son, relatives, ministers, generals, and rich men, and by celebrating a big feast these were sent....

At that time in the pagoda built by the king named Mahawizzayazedi and Kyaitgo pagoda showed (??) an extremely wonderful revelation.

On the 8th waning moon of Tangaung Mone, upon the Kaung Mat Daw Mahawizzaya pagoda by applying with gold fully, raised up an umbrella ornamented with rubies together with small bells made of rubies, all the gold spent there weighing 45.85 viss of gold. At that time by inviting 777 monks from the town they feasted (fed?) the monks for 7 days. Together with the 8 utensils of a monk, types of cloth such as Hkaster rolls, rolls of cloth and packs of tea, all these were offered to them. Within that day they raised the pagoda of Kyaitgo. Within that day in front the monastery of abbot Urutwaelakatapa at the pagoda by keeping ruby pagoda, gold pagoda, Meekyo pagoda, amber pagoda, and relics that they all were invited inside the pagoda....

As to these pagodas built by him Maha Zedi Yatana Manit Zedi, and Kyait Ko zedi, while building them, those who had to cary out these programs such as ministers and generals, architects, carpenters, masons, copper smiths, all these were awarded with titles, village garments ornamented with silver and gold, cloth for pasoes, and paddy , all this was given to everyone.

On the 1st waning moon of Tansaungmone, when Kaungmudaw Maha zedi was showing a revelation, offered up with golden Tanpaung (a movable pyramid-like chandelier, presented and lighted at a pagoda) silver Tansaung, gold parched rice, silver parched rice. The bracelet which he used to put on, on gold pair (??), the betel box used by the chief queen, as to these by letting be struck into thin sheets, as to the pagoda of Kyaitko from the place where they set the umbrella, right to the floor, applied with gold. On the Eastern side of Hanthawaddy at Zahit town, the gold they acquired by sifting 54 viss (54 kyat) by striking it into thin sheets they applied the gold to the Kyaitko pagoda.

32. Marching to Rakhine

As to the white elephant owner his majesty the king at that time he spoke in this way, "Since the king of Rakhine did not keep his oath of allegiance and started making (giving) trouble to my border areas and these affairs have become messy (??) and because he is already unfaithful to his old dad, I am going to march now and conquer his whole country. After speaking in this fashion he made the arrangements to send soldiers to Tandwei by water and appointed Banya Bayan with one army, Nanda yoda with one army, Banyalaw with one army, Thiridhammadoka with one army, Banayakyantaw with one army, Nandakyawtin with one army, Banyabat with one army, Meinmaha with one army, all these 8 boat armies were consisted of Zalaikapin (big boats), Koyutaman (with canvas), Katulingyin (800?, which is big and fast), Tansu (war boats with iron in front to dash the enemies' boats), altogether 200 boats and 80,000 soldiers,. They marched there on the 5th waning moon of Tazaungmon, they have to march along the Motinkarit path, they have to make fortifications, build a town, battallion (??) build a stockade and by storing up the all the paddy and provisions they remained there strongly.

Mintayagyi offering the Pitikat/Buddhist scriptures

Within that Tabodwe on the 7th waning moon on a Wednesday he raised the umbrella on his Buddhist abbots (Ashin Urutuwatpat Katapat?) pagoda. Within that very day at the Sandoshin pagoda he rebuilt a Thudama hsaya, a meeting hall where they disseminated (??) the law and Buddhist teachings.) Within that Tazaungmon on the 11th waning moon on a Monday in Myawaddy together with two main monasteries constructing 30 surrounding buildings by inviting those who were experts in the Pitikat Thounbon, Pali, Atakata, and Nika those who were experts on such they had to stay there. He also raised a thein, a place where they keep the statues and pray, a sort of temple. Within that very day by copying lots of Pitikat scriptures thus he sent one section to Ayudhya abd one section to Thokadei and one section to Peikthalauk and one section to Taninthari, and one section to Dawei, one to Myawaddy, and 1 to Langsang, 1 to Akyaw, 1 to Lawaik, 1 to Zinme, Kyaingyoun, Kyaington, Kyainthe, Mone, Nyaungshwei, Thibaw, Onpaung, Theinni, Momeik, Mogaung, Mohnyin, Sagaing, Pagan, Tharekitaya, Ketumadi, Dayamadi, (?) thus they all had to teach them...learn from that. As to the island of Theingo together with the three types of Buddhist scriptures with Pali Atakata and the explanation of that by loading on a ship Mahayoda and companions had to send them. Within that Tabodwe on the 12th waning moon a wednesday by constructing Kalei town together with large numbers of troops he appointed Zeiktiyan that he had to remain there. Within that Tabodwe his son prince of Nyaungyan named Shin Upayot passed away.

34. Nyaungyan town was given to his son Shintisa:

As to the white elephant owner his majesty the king by bringing his younger son Shintisa to his presence. He was asked to make a choice between Bassein, Thayawaddy, Dala, Zalin, Taungdwin, Yamethin, and Nyaungyan. Of those eight towns to ask for the town that he would like the best. When the king asked in this way the son of the king by discussing with ministers and sages thus when he determined the best from the he replied to his father that he would like to get Nyaungyan town. When he addressed to his fathher, his father by having a look over the significance over the future of his son that is on the luck line of his son. When he found out that the luck line of his son was so good by saying that in teh future like me a king, he gave he a betel box water jar covering and a teapot and a spitton that was decorated with rubies and gold, a palanquin, a horse fully saddled with golden saddle, white palanquins with a covering right up to the flooor with gold, he was given the ten sons of ministers (?), ten elephants, ten horses, were given to him. As to those bachelors / young unmarried people by checking them properIy he was given with over 1000 young men of stair (??). As to the queen of Nyaungyan she was granted by a palanquin rode by maids (virgins), in a basket filled with gold, umbrella with a handle made of gold with insignia of power. Betel box, teapot, water jar covering and spitton decorated with one line of rubies. All these were given to the queen of Nyaungyan. As to She Maun who was the descendant of the king of Prome Narapati he was appointed to be the person in charge of palanquin. As to carrying the palanquin 50 Talaing people were given to him. "Let those who would like to be slaves of my son be slaves of him." (said the king). Because of this many of his (the king's) servants were taken to be slaves of his son. Thus by arranging like this within that Tabaung on the 7th waxing moon on a friday he had given Nyaungyan town to his son.

35. Arrival of Mohnyin Zin-nyon and Bhamo sawbwa:

In the year 943 (1581) on the 3rd waxing moon of Nayon on a thursday the Mohnyin together with his relativen friends ministers and generals arrived at the royal together with presents in the form of arms, Chinese Baso, Aung (bull of tibet), palanquin, with all these many things he came to present to the king. Within that Nayon 6th waxing moon the Zinyon sawbwa also together with his ministers generals and troops by coming over there handed over white umbrella with a crown and the five regalia of a king golden string golden rope and golden creeper elephants horses golde silver Chinese Baso ship musk deer tibet deer and palanquin. By taking all these along he went and paid homage to the king. The whiote elephant owner his majesty the king by taking all the presents forwarded to him he gave back the white umbrella with crown the five regalia of kings golden string and golden creepers elephants and horses back to him. All this. As regards to the passing away of the Bhamo sawbwa the wives of the Bhamo sawbwa together with her sons sons-in-law ministers generals ministers and troops she came back to offer back the regalia of the sawbwa (and utensils of the royal ceremony of the sawbwa) back to the king. As to his majesty the king he gave all the regalia and positions of the former sawbwa to the sawbwa's son that he has to be sawbwa of Bhamo again.

36. Supporting the religion:

Within 1hat Kason 13th waxing mocn on Sunday by selecting novices who were experts in the buddhist scriptures which is the source of the Buddhist religion by selecting them, that is ov~r 65 novices like this led by himself at the Thein (house of religion where they used to celebrate the religious ceremony) which is known as Kalyanin. They were raised to monkhood. when they were finished he fed the monks in a feast with cooked with his own hands he feasted them in the evening by asectikon (?) by arranging with beverages he offered them up together with 32 masters and 65 new monks. With the eight utensils of monks he offered up rolls of cloth, tea, betel nus, he offered them up. On the 8th waning moon of Nayon on a wednesday he offered up Mahawada monastery. He also handed over th three parts of the Pitikat Thonbon. He also offered up servants (Kapiyakapa) to look after the monastery (fetch the water, clean the compcund, ...) he offered up 30 slaves, he also offered up 5 slaves to watch after the religious construction {a temple buidling inside the monastery). Within that Nayon on the 10th waning moon on a friday the Thudamma resting house constructed by him he offered up his betel box, teapot, and water jar covering by letting these gold be pounded intc a thin sheet he ordered them to applly with gold from the base to the very top.

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5:34 PM  
Blogger 秋娥秋娥 said...

成熟,就是有能力適應生活中的模糊。.................................................................

5:37 AM  
Blogger 于庭 said...

成熟,就是有能力適應生活中的模糊。.................................................................

5:37 AM  
Blogger 王名仁 said...

人生是故事的創造與遺忘。............................................................

2:05 PM  
Blogger 許紀廷 said...

Prevention is better than cure.............................................................

8:44 PM  
Blogger 懿綺懿綺 said...

唯有學習不已的老師,才能認真的教,唯有燃燒自己,才能點亮他人的燈............................................................

8:59 PM  
Blogger 郁雯郁雯 said...

很精彩的部落格 期待你的繼續加油..................................................................

12:45 AM  
Blogger 倫惟倫惟 said...

不論做什麼事,相信自己,別讓別人的一句話,把你擊倒。.......................................................

4:39 PM  
Blogger 吳婷婷 said...

你的部落格不錯哦,我來享受一下~~..................................................

12:28 AM  
Blogger 青卉 said...

~~天天開心~~祝您快樂~~............................................................

4:42 PM  
Blogger 楊儀卉 said...

人類的聰明,並非以經驗為依歸,而是以接受經驗的行程為依歸。..................................................

4:14 AM  
Blogger 童祖如童祖如 said...

教育的目的,不在應該思考什麼,而是教吾人怎樣思考............................................................

12:59 AM  
Blogger 林聿希林聿希林聿希 said...

良好的開端,已是成功的一半。..................................................

12:45 AM  
Blogger 王陳虹霞文均 said...

一個人的價值,應該看他貢獻了什麼,而不是他取得了什麼....................................................

5:40 AM  
Blogger 佳呈均慧 said...

Better late than never.............................................................

3:08 AM  
Blogger 群育航學 said...

一個人的價值,應該看他貢獻了什麼,而不是他取得了什麼....................................................

10:36 PM  
Blogger 思張張亦 said...

Learning makes a good man better and ill man worse.............................................................

10:40 PM  
Blogger 陳雅吳水以竹 said...

很精彩的部落格 期待你的繼續加油..................................................

3:43 PM  
Blogger 陳李原筠永辛 said...

快樂,是享受工作過程的結果......................................................................

11:42 PM  
Blogger 江趙雲虹趙雲虹仁昆 said...

安安唷~~幸運的日子送給妳(你)滿滿的幸福,也祝福你天天都開心唷............................................................

11:59 PM  
Blogger 316 said...

快樂,是享受工作過程的結果......................................................................

4:21 AM  
Blogger 佳張張張張燕張張張張張 said...

你怎麼能經過一片海,而忘記它的藍?......................................................................

3:26 PM  
Blogger 瑞蕾 said...

要繼續發好文喔^^加油!...............................................

1:42 AM  

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